ELI home

Contents by keywords
Topics in Earthlearningidea activities are listed alphabetically under ’Keywords’.
ELI+ activities require some basic school laboratory equipment or include some abstract ideas

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W

Keywords - alphabeticalName of Activity
A
Absolute datingWorking out the age of the Earth - moving backwards as time moved forwards
Acid test for mineralsMineral expert - 2
Adaptations to environment1. Fifty million years into the future  Box School animals
2. Sea shell survival
3. How many Beany Beetles? - the evolution game
Age of the Earth1. Working out the age of the Earth - moving backwards as time moved forwards
2. How many for a million?
AggregateRoadstone - which rock?
Airey isostasy hypothesisIsostasy 1 (ELI+)
Ammonite 1. Who ate the ammonite?  Extension
2. Ammonites: the ups and downs
Anning, MaryMary Anning - Mother of Palaeontology
Anticline - antiform 1. Banana benders  Video
2. Swiss roll surgery
ArtGeo-art: paintings to sculptures inspired by all things ‘geo’
AsthenosphereJourney to the centre of the Earth - on a toilet roll
Atlantic Ocean - openingContinental split - the opening of the Atlantic Ocean  Video
Atmosphere; one of Earth’s four interacting spheresWhat am I made of? (ELI+)
Atmosphere - evolutionEarth’s atmosphere - step by step evolution (ELI+)
Atmosphere and ocean - investigating fluid movementHigh flow, low flow? - atmosphere and ocean in a tank  Extension  Video
Atom - carbon‘Tag’ a carbon atom - and explore the carbon cycle
Atomic lattices - crystal growth1. Unfair ’build your own crystal’ race (ELI+)
2. ’Crystallisation’ in a pudding dish
AvalancheHigh flow, low flow? - atmosphere and ocean in a tank  Extension  Video
B
BeddingFieldwork: Interactive re-creation
Biogas (power source)Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension
Biomass (power source)Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension
Biosphere; one of Earth’s four interacting spheresWhat am I made of? (ELI+)
Bivalves - adaptations to habitatsSea shell survival
Black smokersInteractive hydrothermal mineralisation (ELI+)
BoreholesBoring chocolate!
Borings - trace fossilsTrace fossils - burrows or borings
Bowen's Reaction Series Partial melting model and real rock (ELI+)
BrineWhy is the Dead Sea dead?
Building materialsRock around your school (investigating building materials)
Building stones - resourceBuilding stones 1
Building stones - igneous rocksBuilding stones 2 - igneous
Building stones - metamorphic rocksBuilding stones 4 - metamorphic
Building stones - sedimentary rocksBuilding stones 3 - sedimentary
Buildings and earthquakesShaken but not stirred?
Burgess Shale, CanadaCurious creatures  Video (Cambrian explosion song)
Burrows - trace fossilsTrace fossils - burrows or borings
C
Calcium carbonateCalcium carbonate misconceptions
CalderaCollapsing volcanoes - cauldron subsidence (ELI+)
Cambrian explosion of lifeCurious creatures  Video (Cambrian explosion song)
Carbon atom‘Tag’ a carbon atom - and explore the carbon cycle
Carbon cycle - making your ownCarbon goes round and round and round
Carbon dioxide in the atmosphereEarth’s atmosphere - step by step evolution (ELI+)
Carbon ’thought experiments’1. ‘Tag’ a carbon atom - and explore the carbon cycle
2. Space survival: how could we survive a year in a dome?
Carbon cycle through the window ’thought experiment’Carbon cycle through the window
Carnivore/herbivore relationshipsWho ate the ammonite?  Extension
Cauldron subsidenceCollapsing volcanoes - cauldron subsidence (ELI+)
CementationMake your own rock  Extension
Chalk 1. Geological postcards 1 - granite and chalk  ‘Global’ postcards
2. Calcium carbonate misconceptions
Changing state - waterWater - changing state
Chemistry; a comparison between the human body and the rest of the EarthWhat am I made of? (ELI+)
Classification - introduction 1. Found in the ground (ELI Early years)
2. Pirates and buried treasure (ELI Early years)
3. Rock Explorers (ELI Early years)
Clay - investigating shrinkageTesting rocks 3 - that shrinking feeling
Clay - testing the plasticityTesting rocks 2 - ’Splat!’
Cleavage in mineralsMineral expert - 1
Clinometer (DIY)DIY Dip and strike model (ELI+)
Coal (power source)Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension
Coasts, erosion, transportation, depositionChanging coastlines
Colour of mineralsMineral expert - 1
CompressionSqueezed out of shape
Condensation1. Mini-world water cycle  Extension
2. Watery World Game (ELI Early years)
Conduction - water cycleCycling water and heat in the lab - and the globe (ELI+)
Conical hillGeological mapwork from scratch 1: a conical hill (ELI+)
ConservationTake it or leave it? - the geoconservation debate
Conservative or sliding plate marginPlate tectonics through the window (ELI+)
Constructive plate margin1. ’Mantle plume’ in a beaker (ELI+)
2. Plate tectonics through the window (ELI+)
3. Continental split - the opening of the Atlantic Ocean  Video
Consumers/producersWho ate the ammonite?
Continental drift 1. Continental jigsaw puzzle (ELI+)
2. Earth time jigsaw puzzle
3. Wegener’s ’Continental drift’ meets Wilson’s ’Plate tectonics’ (ELI+)
4. Continental split - the opening of the Atlantic Ocean  Video
5. Did the continents move for you? (ELI+)
Convection - water cycleCycling water and heat in the lab - and the globe (ELI+)
Convergent plate margin1. Continents in collision (ELI+)  Extension
2. Plate tectonics through the window (ELI+)  Video (Oxford Sparks)
Cooling rates - crystal growthUnfair ’build your own crystal’ race (ELI+)
Coral atoll formationDarwin’s ’big coral atoll idea’  Video
Core (composition)A core activity (ELI+)
Core (density)From an orange to the whole Earth  Video (Portuguese introduction)
Core (structure of the Earth)From clay balls to the structure of the Earth (ELI+)  Extension
Cracks; sedimentary and igneous structures - modelling cracks by drying and coolingCracking the clues
CratersCraters on the Moon  Extension  Impact calculator  Video (Portuguese introduction)
Cross-bedding 1. Sedimentary structures - cross-bedding and ancient currents
2. Sedimentary structures - cross-bedding and ’way-up’
3. What was it like to be there? – clues in sediment which bring an environment to life
4. Fieldwork: Interactive re-creation
Cross-curricular topics 1. Geo-art: paintings to sculptures inspired by all things ‘geo’
2. Geo-literature: poems and stories inspired by all things ‘geo’
Cross sectionsGeological mapwork from scratch 1: a conical hill (ELI+)
Geological mapwork from scratch 2: valley with simple geology (ELI+)
Geological mapwork from scratch 3: valley with dipping geology (ELI+)
Crust of the EarthJourney to the centre of the Earth - on a toilet roll
Crystal formation - saltSalt of the Earth  Extension
Crystal growth1. Unfair ’build your own crystal’ race (ELI+)
2. ’Crystallisation’ in a pudding dish
Crystal lattices1. Unfair ’build your own crystal’ race (ELI+)
2. ’Crystallisation’ in a pudding dish
Crystallisation - igneous rocks1. Why do igneous rocks have different crystal sizes? (ELI+)  Video (ESEU, Keele)
2. Unfair ’build your own crystal’ race (ELI+)
3. ’Crystallisation’ in a pudding dish
CuestaGeological mapwork from models 2: cuesta with simple geology (ELI+)
Currents1. Sedimentary structures - cross-bedding and ancient currents
2. What was it like to be there? – clues in sediment which bring an environment to life
D
Darwin, Charles 1. Darwin’s ‘big coral atoll idea’  Video
2. Darwin’s ‘big soil idea’  Video
3. How many Beany Beetles? - the evolution game
Day/NightEarth on Earth - how day/night and the seasons work
Deformation of rocks - simulationSqueezed out of shape
Deformation of the mantleBouncing, bending, breaking (ELI+)
Density current - turbidity currentHigh flow, low flow? - atmosphere and ocean in a tank  Extension  Video
Density - Earth1. From an orange to the whole Earth  Video (Portuguese introduction)
2. A core activity (ELI+)
3. Isostasy 1 (ELI+)
Density - minerals1. Jigging
2. Riches in the river  Extension
3. Gold panning
4. Eureka! - detecting ore the Archimedes way
5. Mineral expert - 2
Density - rocks and minerals - simple measurementEureka! - detecting ore the Archimedes way
Density - water of different salinitiesWhy is the Dead Sea dead?
Deposition by rivers1. Mighty river in a small gutter  Extension
2. Investigating small-scale sedimentary processes AND modelling mighty rivers
Deposition by the seaChanging coastlines
Deposition by windDust bowl  Extension
Depositional environments What was it like to be there? – clues in sediment which bring an environment to life
Destructive plate marginContinents in collision (ELI+)  Extension
Plate tectonics through the window (ELI+)  Video (Oxford Sparks)
Dinosaur death - using forensic evidenceDinosaur death - did it die or was it killed?
Dinosaur dig simulationDig up the dinosaur  Extension  Video
Dinosaur footprints interpretation - walking or running?Dinosaur in the yard  Extension
Dinosaur footprints - interpretation from evidenceMeeting of the dinosaurs - 100 million years ago  Extension
Dinosaur weight using force calculationsHow to weigh a dinosaur
Dip and apparent dipDIY Dip and strike model (ELI+)
Dipping geological bedsGeological mapwork from scratch 3: valley with dipping geology (ELI+)
Divergent plate margin1. ’Mantle plume’ in a beaker (ELI+)
2. Plate tectonics through the window (ELI+)
3. Continental split - the opening of the Atlantic Ocean  Video
DrumlinEvidence from the deep freeze - under or near the ice sheets
Dykes - radial, volcanic intrusionVolcanoes and radial dykes (ELI+)
E
Earth - age1. Working out the age of the Earth - moving backwards as time moved forwards
2. How many for a million?
Earth in spacePlayground planets  Extension
Earth - magnetic field1. Magnetic Earth (ELI+)
2. Human magnets! (ELI+)
Earth’s orbit and spinScreaming roller coaster
Earth science out of doorsEarth science out of doors: preserving the evidence
Earthquakes 1.Quake shake - will my home collapse?  Extension  Columns in Rome  Video
2. Earthquake prediction - when will the earthquake strike?
3. Earthquake through the window - what would you see, what would you feel?
4. Surviving an earthquake  Video
5. Earthquake in your classroom
6. Shaken but not stirred?
Earthquakes - body waves 1. Waves in the Earth 1 - the slinky simulation (ELI+)
2. Waves in the Earth 2 - Human molecules (ELI+)
3. Merry waves - all year round (ELI+)
Earthquakes and volcanoes - plate tectonicsGeobattleships (ELI+)
Earth’s structureFrom clay balls to the structure of the Earth (ELI+)  Extension
Eclipse - Moon and SunEclipse the lollipop
Eclipse - SunWhy does the sun disappear?
Electrical resistanceElectrical ground probing
Elements - chemicalWhat am I made of? (ELI+)
Elements needed to sustain life Rocks to eat?
Energy consumptionMineral expert 4 - Recycle your mobile phone
Energy sources1. Power through the window
2. Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension
Energy transfer - water cycleCycling water and heat in the lab - and the globe (ELI+)
Engineering geology - investigating shrinkage of clayTesting rocks 3 - that shrinking feeling
Engineering geology - testing rocks for strengthTesting rocks 1 - bouncing back
Engineering geology - testing the plasticity of clayTesting rocks 2 - ’Splat!’
Environments 1. Fieldwork: Applying ’the present is the key to the past’
2. Environmental detective
3. What was it like to be there? – clues in sediment which bring an environment to life
4. Fieldwork: Environmental evaluation
5. Now and then
6. Fifty million years into the future  Box School animals
7. Take it or leave it? - the geoconservation debate
8. So, you want to conserve a geodiversity site
Equinox1. Hot or not
2. Earth on Earth
3. Seasons: the effect of our tilted Earth
Erosion / weathering - misconceptionsTeacher - ‘What’s the difference between weathering and erosion?’
Erosion - rocks and shellsRock, rattle and roll  Video  Video (Portuguese introduction)
Shell shake - survival of the toughest
Erosion by iceGrinding and gouging  Video (Portuguese introduction)
Erosion by rivers 1. Mighty river in a small gutter  Extension
2. Bucket for a pothole: visualising past processes by calculation (ELI+)
3. Investigating small-scale sedimentary processes AND modelling mighty rivers
Erosion by the seaChanging coastlines
Erosion by windDust bowl  Extension
Erosion - fieldworkQuestions for any rock face - erosion
Erosion - soilWhy does soil get washed away?  Extension  Video
European Macroseismic Scale (EMS)Earthquake in your classroom
Evaporation1. Mini-world water cycle  Extension
2. Watery World Game (ELI Early years)
Evaporation and salt crystal-formationSalt of the Earth  Extension
Evolution of Earth’s atmosphereEarth’s atmosphere - step by step evolution (ELI+)
Evolution of life1. Time-line in your own backyard  Extension  Video
2. Toilet roll of time  Video
3. How many Great Great Great Great Grandparents?
4. How many Beany Beetles? - the evolution game
5. Curious creatures  Video (Cambrian explosion song)
6. Fifty million years into the future  Box School animals
Evolution - theoryEvolution of evolution (ELI+)
Extractive industryQuarry through the window - what would you see, what would you not see?
F
Faults - fluids and movementFluids, friction and failure
Faults - mapwork from models1. Geological mapwork from models 6: plain with faults in the direction of dip (ELI+)
2. Geological mapwork from models 7: plain with faults parallel to the outcrops of the beds (ELI+)
3. Geological mapwork from models 8: plain with different types of fault (ELI+)
Faults 1. Valley in 30 seconds!  Extension  Video
2. Banana benders  Video
3. Swiss roll surgery
4. Fieldwork: Interactive re-creation
5. Fieldwork: Questions for any rock face 8 - faults
Father of English Geology - William SmithWilliam Smith - ’The Father of English Geology’ (ELI+)  Extension
Fieldwork1. Rocks from the big screen
2. Earth science out of doors; preserving the evidence
3. Applying ’the present is the key to the past’
4. Environmental evaluation
5. The ‘All powerful’ strategy
6. Questions for any rock face - planning
7. Questions for any rock face 1: weathering
8. Questions for any rock face 2: erosion
9. Questions for any rock face 3: soil
10. Questions for any rock face 4: rock group (sedimentary or igneous)
11. Questions for any rock face 5: sedimentary grains
12. Questions for any rock face 6: fossils
13. Questions for any rock face 7: tilted or folded rocks
14. Questions for any rock face 8: faults
15. Questions for any rock face 9: metamorphic rock
16. Questions for any rock face 10: sequencing geological events
17. Questions for any rock face 11: tectonic plates
18. Questions for any rock face 12: potential of the quarry or cutting
19. Questions for any rock face 13: quarry economics
20. Questions for any rock face 14: recording data
21. Interactive re-creation
22. The view from the site
23. The ‘What makes a good educational experience’ approach to planning fieldwork (ELI for Educators)
24. Rock around school (investigating building materials)
25. Now and then
Flame structures - sedimentary structures1. Sedimentary structures - load casts
2. What was it like to be there? – clues in sediment which bring an environment to life
Flood through the window ’thought experiment’Flood through the window - what would you see, what would you feel?  Extension
Fluids and frictionFluids, friction and failure
Fluids - hydrothermalInteractive hydrothermal mineralisation (ELI+)
Fold mountains / folded rocks 1. Himalayas in 30 seconds!  Extension  Video
2. Margarine mountain-building
3. Banana benders  Video
4. Continents in collision (ELI+)  Extension
5. Fieldwork: Interactive re-creation
6. Fieldwork: Questions for any rock face 7 - tilted or folded rocks
7. Geological mapwork from models 5: folded geology on block models (ELI+)
8. Opengeoscience 2: tilted and folded rocks (ELI+)
9. Swiss roll surgery
10. View from above
11. From folds to crustal shortening: visualising past processes by calculation (ELI+)
Food chain - JurassicWho ate the ammonite?
Food web - Jurassic Who ate the ammonite?
Forensic geoscience - Cretaceous crime sceneDinosaur death - did it die or was it killed?
Forensic geoscience - People smugglingInnocent until proven guilty (ELI+)
Fossils 1. Fossil or not?
2. Fossilise! - fossil game (ELI Early years)
3. How could I become fossilised?  Extension
4. Mary Anning - Mother of Palaeontology
5. Running the fossilisation film backwards
6. What was it like to be there? - bringing a fossil to life  Get geo-creative
7. Cambrian - Curious creatures  Video (Cambrian explosion song)
8. Fieldwork: Questions for any rock face 6 - fossils
Fossils - trace1. Dinosaur in the yard  Extension
2. Meeting of the dinosaurs - 100 million years ago  Extension
3. How to weigh a dinosaur
4. Trail-making
Fossil collectingTake it or leave it? - the geoconservation debate
Fossil recordShell shake - survival of the toughest
Fossil/rock/mineral/other1. Found in the ground
2. Sensory treasure hunt
Fracking 1. Recipe for the perfect fracking fluid
2. Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension
Freeze - thaw physical weatheringIce Power (ELI+)
Friction and fluidsFluids, friction and failure
G
Gangue mineralsInteractive hydrothermal mineralisation (ELI+)
Gas (power source)Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension
Gases in the atmosphereEarth’s atmosphere - step by step evolution (ELI+)
Geo-inspired creations 1. Geo-art: paintings to sculptures inspired by all things ‘geo’
2. Geo-literature: poems and stories inspired by all things ‘geo’
Geoconservation1. Take it or leave it? - the geoconservation debate
2. So, you want to conserve a geodiversity site
GeodiversitySo, you want to conserve a geodiversity site
Geological garden Rocky play-park; design your own
Geological history 1. What is the geological history?  Extension
2. Fieldwork: the ‘All powerful’ strategy
3. Fieldwork - Questions for any rock face 10: sequencing geological events
Geological laws and principlesLaying down the principles
Geological map - first of England, Wales and part of ScotlandWilliam Smith - ’The Father of English Geology’ (ELI+)  Extension
Geological maps1. Opengeoscience 1: igneous intrusions and lavas (ELI+)
2. Opengeoscience 2: tilted and folded rocks (ELI+)
Geological mapwork - a conical hillGeological mapwork from scratch 1: a conical hill (ELI+)
Geological mapwork - valley with simple geologyGeological mapwork from scratch 2: valley with simple geology (ELI+)
Geological mapwork - valley with dipping geologyGeological mapwork from scratch 3: valley with dipping geology (ELI+)
Geological mapwork from models - cuesta with simple geologyGeological mapwork from models 2: cuesta with simple geology (ELI+)
Geological mapwork from models - folded rocksGeological mapwork from models 5: folded geology on block models (ELI+)
Geological mapwork from models - plain with simple geologyGeological mapwork from models 1: plain with simple geology (ELI+)
Geological mapwork from models - plain with faults1. Geological mapwork from models 6: plain with faults in the direction of dip (ELI+)
2. Geological mapwork from models 7: plain with faults parallel to the outcrops of the beds (ELI+)
3. Geological mapwork from models 8: plain with different types of fault (ELI+)
Geological mapwork from models - sloping ridge and valleyGeological mapwork from models 4: sloping ridge and valley (ELI+)
Geological mapwork from models - valley with horizontal floorGeological mapwork from models 3: valley with horizontal floor (ELI+)
Geological mapwork: surface geologyGeological mapwork: using surface geology to make a geological map (ELI+)
Geological structures - folds and faultsBanana benders  Video
Geological Time 1. How many for a million?
2. How long does it take? - quick to very slow
3. Filling the gap – picturing the unconformity ‘abyss of time’?
Geophysics 1. From clay balls to the structure of the Earth (ELI+)  Extension
2. Electrical ground probing
3. Modelling remote sensing geophysics (ELI+)
Geothermal power - renewable or not?Rock power: geothermal power simulations (ELI+)
Geothermal (power source)Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension
Glacial erosion1. Grinding and gouging  Video (Portuguese introduction)
2. Ice-thickness from scratch: visualising past processes by calculation (ELI+)
Glacial landscapesEvidence from the deep freeze - under or near the ice sheets
Glacial moraine1. Dam burst danger
2. Evidence from the deep freeze - under or near the ice sheets
Glacial reboundIsostasy 2; ‘bouncing back’ after the ice (ELI+)
GlaciersEvidence from the deep freeze - under or near the ice sheets
Glaciers - movement along bedFluids, friction and failure
Gold prospectingGold prospectors
Graded bedding1. Sedimentary structures - graded bedding
2. What was it like to be there? – clues in sediment which bring an environment to life
Grains - sedimentary 1. Rock detective - rocky clues to the past
2. Modelling for rocks - what’s hidden inside and why?
3. Questions for any rock face 5: sedimentary grains
Granite landscapesGeological postcards 1 - granite and chalk  ‘Global’ postcards
GravestonesWill my gravestone last?
Gravity anomaliesModelling remote sensing geophysics (ELI+)
Ground heat pumps (power source)Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension
Ground probingElectrical ground probing
Groundwater flowFrom rain to spring: water from the ground  Extension  Video
Groundwater pHWatery world of underground chemistry (ELI+)
Groundwater pollution simulationFrom rain to spring: water from the ground  Extension  Video
Groundwater - wellsWell, well, well!
H
Habit - crystalsMineral expert - 1
Hardness of mineralsMineral expert - 2
Herbivore/carnivore relationshipsWho ate the ammonite?
Historical geology - principlesLaying down the principles
Historical geology - sequencing eventsWhat is the geological history?  Extension
HotspotsHotspots (ELI+)
How Science works - Mary AnningMary Anning - Mother of Palaeontology
How Science works - Charles Darwin1. Darwin’s ’big coral atoll idea’  Video
2. Darwin’s ’big soil idea’
How Science works - James HuttonJames Hutton - or ’Mr. Rock Cycle’? (ELI+)  Rock cycle song
How Science works - William SmithWilliam Smith - ’The Father of English Geology’ (ELI+)  Extension
How Science works - Alfred WegenerWegener’s ’Continental drift’ meets Wilson’s ’Plate tectonics’ (ELI+)
Humus - in soils1. Make your own soil
2. Soil layers puzzle
Hutton, James - rock cycle 1. James Hutton - or ’Mr. Rock Cycle’? (ELI+)  Rock cycle song
2. Filling the gap – picturing the unconformity ‘abyss of time’?
Hydroelectric (power source)Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension
Hydrosphere; one of Earth’s four interacting spheresWhat am I made of? (ELI+)
Hydrostatic pressureWater pressure - underground (ELI+)
Hydrothermal fluidsInteractive hydrothermal mineralisation (ELI+)
I
Ice - changing state1. Water - changing state
2. Ice power (ELI+)
Ice age1. Evidence from the deep freeze - under or near the ice sheets
2. Isostasy 2; ‘bouncing back’ after the ice (ELI+)
Ice - erosion1. Grinding and gouging  Video (Portuguese introduction)
2. Ice-thickness from scratch: visualising past processes by calculation (ELI+)
Ice sheetsEvidence from the deep freeze - under or near the ice sheets
Igneous intrusions on geological mapsOpengeoscience 1 (ELI+)
Igneous processesVolcano in the lab (ELI+)  Extension
Igneous rocks 1. ’Rockery 1’ - rock game
2. ’Rockery 2’ - rock cycle game
3. Why do igneous rocks have different crystal sizes? (ELI+)  
Video (ESEU, Keele)
4. Unfair ’build your own crystal’ race (ELI+)
5.’Crystallisation’ in a pudding dish
6. Partial melting - simple process, huge global impact (ELI+)  Extension
7. Partial melting model and real rock (ELI+)
8. Fieldwork: Questions for any rock face 4: rock group (sedimentary or igneous)
9. Isostasy - How a rising mountain chain can reveal its hidden secrets
Igneous rocks - building stones resources1. Building stones 1
2. Building stones 2 - Igneous rocks
3. Will my gravestone last?
Imbrication - sedimentary structure1. Sedimentary structures - imbrication
2. What was it like to be there? – clues in sediment which bring an environment to life
Impact cratersCraters on the Moon  Extension  Impact calculator  Video (Portuguese introduction)
InsolationHot or not?
Intensity scale (Earthquakes)Earthquake in your classroom
Intrusion - volcanic radial dykesVolcanoes and radial dykes (ELI+)
Iron oreSmelter on a stick (ELI+)
Isostasy 1. Isostasy 1; modelling the state of ‘balance’ of the Earth’s outer layers (ELI+)
2. Isostasy 2; ‘bouncing back’ after the ice (ELI+)
3. Isostasy - How a rising mountain chain can reveal its hidden secrets
J
Jigging - separating materialsJigging
Joints - columnarCracking the clues
Jurassic - food web from fossil evidenceWho ate the ammonite?
K
Karstic sceneryKarstic scenery - in 60 seconds
Key - building stones resourceBuilding stones
KnollGeological mapwork from scratch 1: a conical hill (ELI+)
Krakatoa, volcanic eruption and tsunamisKrakatoa - tsunamis
L
LaminationFieldwork: Interactive re-creation
Land restorationQuarry through the window - what would you see, what would you not see?
Landscapes - granite and chalkGeological postcards 1 - granite and chalk  ‘Global’ postcards
Landscapes - sandstone and limestone
                   - limestone
1. Geological postcards 2 - sandstone and limestone  ‘Global’ postcards
2. Karstic scnery - in 60 seconds
Landslides1. Landslide through the window - what would you see, what would you feel?  Extension
Video
2. Failing slopes
3. Danger - quicksands!
4. Dam burst danger
Latent heat - water cycleCycling water and heat in the lab - and the globe (ELI+)
Lava flows - simulationSee how they run  Volcano Simulator (Alaska Museum of Science & Nature)
Lavas on geological mapsOpengeoscience 1 (ELI+)
Lava viscosityBubble-mania  Volcano Simulator (Alaska Museum of Science & Nature)
Laws in GeologyLaying down the principles
Life on Earth - time-line1. Time-line in your own backyard  Extension  Video
2. Toilet roll of time  Video
Limestone 1. Geological postcards 2 - sandstone and limestone  ‘Global’ postcards
2. Fieldwork: Interactive re-creation
3. Karstic scenery - in 60 seconds
4. Weathering limestone - with my own breath! (ELI+)
5. Calcium carbonate misconceptions
6. Sink hole!
Lithosphere1.Journey to the centre of the Earth - on a toilet roll
2. Isostasy 1 (ELI+)
Lithosphere; one of Earth’s four interacting spheresWhat am I made of? (ELI+)
LiteratureGeo-literature: poems and stories inspired by all things ‘geo’
Litter - in soils1. Make your own soil
2. Soil layers puzzle
Liquefaction - earthquakeQuake shake - will my home collapse?  Extension  Columns in Rome  Video
Liquefaction - quicksandsDanger - quicksands!
Load casts - sedimentary structures1. Sedimentary structures - load casts
2. What was it like to be there? – clues in sediment which bring an environment to life
Loam soilSoil doughnuts
Longshore driftChanging coastlines
Lunar month1. Jaffa moon
2. Lollipop moon
3. Polystyrene moon
Lustre of mineralsMineral expert - 1
M
Magma - cooling and crystallisationWhy do igneous rocks have different crystal sizes? (ELI+)  Video (ESEU, Keele)
Magma - crystallisationUnfair ’build your own crystal’ race (ELI+)
Magma - crystallisation’Crystallisation’ in a pudding dish
Magma - intrusionsVolcanoes and radial dykes (ELI+)
Magma - late stage coolingInteractive hydrothermal mineralisation (ELI+)
Magma viscosityBubble-mania
Magnetic anomaliesModelling remote sensing geophysics (ELI+)
Magnetic field of the Earth1. Magnetic Earth (ELI+)
2. Why won’t my compass work on the other side of the Equator? (ELI+)
3. Human magnets! (ELI+)
Magnetic pattern of rocks on the sea floorMagnetic stripes (ELI+)
Transform faults (ELI+)  Video
Magnetic reversalsMagnetic stripes (ELI+)
Magnetism - frozen1. Frozen magnetism (ELI+)
2. Human magnets! (ELI+)
3. Did the continents move for you? (ELI+)
MantleFrom an orange to the whole Earth  Video (Portuguese introduction)
Mantle plume1. ’Mantle plume’ in a beaker (ELI+)
2. Hotspots (ELI+)
Mantle - propertiesBouncing, bending, breaking (ELI+)
Map - first geological map of England, Wales and part of ScotlandWilliam Smith - ’The Father of English Geology’ (ELI+)  Extension
Mapwork: a conical hillGeological mapwork from scratch 1: a conical hill (ELI+)
Mapwork: dip, apparent dip, strike, DIY clinometerDIY Dip and strike model (ELI+)
Mapwork: surface geologyGeological mapwork: using surface geology to make a geological map (ELI+)
Mapwork: valley with simple geologyGeological mapwork from scratch 2: valley with simple geology (ELI+)
Mapwork: valley with dipping geologyGeological mapwork from scratch 3: valley with dipping geology (ELI+)
Mapwork from models: cuesta with simple geologyGeological mapwork from models 2: cuesta with simple geology (ELI+)
Mapwork from models: folded rocksGeological mapwork from models 5: folded geology on block models (ELI+)
Mapwork from models: plain with simple geologyGeological mapwork from models 1: plain with simple geology (ELI+)
Mapwork from models: plain with faults1. Geological mapwork from models 6: plain with faults in the direction of dip (ELI+)
2. Geological mapwork from models 7: plain with faults parallel to the outcrops of the beds (ELI+)
3. Geological mapwork from models 8: plain with different types of fault (ELI+)
Mapwork from models: sloping ridge and valleyGeological mapwork from models 4: sloping ridge and valley (ELI+)
Mapwork from models: valley with horizontal floorGeological mapwork from models 3: valley with horizontal floor (ELI+)
Mary AnningMary Anning - Mother of Palaeontology
Mass movement - density currentsHigh flow, low flow? - atmosphere and ocean in a tank  Extension  Video
Mass movement - landslidesLandslide through the window - what would you see, what would you feel?  Video
Material propertiesSensory treasure hunt
Metal mineralsInteractive hydrothermal mineralisation (ELI+)
Metal oresSmelter on a stick (ELI+)
Metamorphism - metamorphic rocks 1. Metamorphism - that’s Greek for change of shape isn’t it?  Extension  Video
2. Squeezed out of shape
3. Building stones 1
4. Building stones 4 - Metamorphic rocks
5. Will my gravestone last?
6. ’Rockery 1’ - rock game
7. ’Rockery 2’ - rock cycle game
8. Fieldwork - Questions for any rock face 9: metamorphic rock
9. Metamorphic aureole in a tin (ELI+)
Meteorites - evidence for core of EarthA core activity (ELI+)
Mid Ocean Ridge (MOR)1. Magnetic stripes (ELI+)
2. Transform faults (ELI+)  Video
3. Continental split - the opening of the Atlantic Ocean  Video
Millions of years - visualisationHow many for a million?
Mineral collectingTake it or leave it? - the geoconservation debate
Mineral identification 1. Mineral expert - 1
2. Mineral expert - 2
3. Identifying minerals - use your sense(s)!
4. Partial melting model and real rock (ELI+)
Mineral/rock/fossil/other1. Found in the ground
2. Sensory treasure hunt
Mineral uses in everyday lifeMineral expert - 3
Mineralisation - hydrothermalInteractive hydrothermal mineralisation (ELI+)
Mineral separation1. Jigging
2. Gold panning
Minerals essential to life Rocks to eat?
Mining for minerals1. Jigging
2. Interactive hydrothermal mineralisation (ELI+)
MohoJourney to the centre of the Earth - on a toilet roll
Mohs’ scale for mineral hardnessMineral expert - 2
Moon - cratersCraters on the Moon  Extension  Impact calculator  Video (Portuguese introduction)
Moon - eclipseEclipse the lollipop
Moon - phases1. Jaffa moon
2. Lollipop moon
3. Polystyrene moon
Moraine1. Dam burst danger
2. Evidence from the deep freeze - under or near the ice sheets
Mountains 1. Himalayas in 30 seconds!  Extension  Video
2. Margarine mountain-building
3. Banana benders  Video
4. Continents in collision (ELI+)  Extension
5. Fieldwork: Interactive re-creation
6. Fieldwork: Questions for any rock face 7 - tilted or folded rocks
7. Geological mapwork from models 5: folded geology on block models (ELI+)
8. Opengeoscience 2: tilted and folded rocks (ELI+)
9. Swiss roll surgery
10. View from above
11. Isostasy - How a rising mountain chain can reveal its hidden secrets
MudcracksCracking the clues
N
Natural selection - evolution1. Fifty million years into the future  Box School animals
2. How many Beany Beetles? - the evolution game
Night/DayEarth on Earth - how day/night and the seasons work
O
Ocean floorMagnetic stripes (ELI+)
Transform faults (ELI+)  Video
Oil and gas reservoirs - make your ownMake your own oil and gas reservoir
Oil and gas reservoirs - modellingTrapped! Why can’t oil and gas escape from their underground prison?
Oil - offshoreWhere does offshore oil come from?
Oil (power source)Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension
Oil prospect - sequencing geological eventsWhere shall we drill for oil?
Oil trapTrapped! Why can’t oil and gas escape from their underground prison?
Oil trap - finding oilWhere shall we drill for oil?
Orbit of the EarthScreaming roller coaster
Ore - concentration of oreRiches in the river  Extension
Ore - smelting iron oreSmelter on a stick (ELI+)
Ore - densityEureka! - detecting ore the Archimedes way
Outdoors - field work1. Earth science out of doors: preserving the evidence
2. Rocks from the big screen
P
Palaeocurrents1. Sedimentary structures - imbrication
2. Sedimentary structures - cross-bedding and ancient currents
3. What was it like to be there? – clues in sediment which bring an environment to life
Palaeoenvironment - fossil interpretationWhat was it like to be there? - bringing a fossil to life  Get geo-creative
Palaeoenvironment - rock interpretationWhat was it like to be there - in the rocky world?  Extension
PalaeoenvironmentsEnvironmental detective
Palaeomagnetism1. Frozen magnetism (ELI+)
2. Human magnets! (ELI+)
3. Magnetic stripes (ELI+)
4. Did the continents move for you? (ELI+)
Palaeontology - also refer to ’Fossils’Mary Anning - Mother of Palaeontology
PangaeaContinental split - the opening of the Atlantic Ocean  Video
Partial melting 1. Partial melting - simple process, huge global impact (ELI+)  Extension
2. Partial melting model and real rock (ELI+)
Periglacial landscapesEvidence from the deep freeze - under or near the ice sheets
PermafrostEvidence from the deep freeze - under or near the ice sheets
People smuggling - forensic geoscienceInnocent until proven guilty (ELI+)
Permeability of rocks 1. Modelling for rocks: what’s hidden inside - and why?  Extension
2. Does my rock hold water and will water flow through it?
3. Well, well, well!
Permeability of soils investigationPermeability of soils - ’The great soil race’  Extension
pH of solutionsWatery world of underground chemistry (ELI+)
Phases of the Moon1. Jaffa moon
2. Lollipop moon
3. Polystyrene moon
Photosynthesis - oxygen into the atmosphereEarth’s atmosphere - step by step evolution (ELI+)
PingoEvidence from the deep freeze - under or near the ice sheets
Placer depositsRiches in the river  Extension
Plain1. Geological mapwork from models 1: plain with simple geology (ELI+)
2. Geological mapwork from models 6: plain with faults in the direction of dip (ELI+)
3. Geological mapwork from models 7: plain with faults parallel to the outcrops of the beds (ELI+)
4. Geological mapwork from models 8: plain with with different types of fault (ELI+)
Planets - sizes and distancesPlayground planets  Extension
Plate tectonics - constructive (divergent) plate margin’Mantle plume’ in a beaker (ELI+)
Plate tectonics - continental drift 1. Continental jigsaw puzzle (ELI+)
2. Earth time jigsaw puzzle
3. Wegener’s ’Continental drift’ meets Wilson’s ’Plate tectonics’ (ELI+)
4. Continental split - the opening of the Atlantic Ocean  Video
5. Did the continents move for you? (ELI+)
Plate tectonics - destructive (convergent) plate marginContinents in collision (ELI+)  Extension
Plate tectonics - earthquakes and volcanoesGeobattleships (ELI+)
Plate tectonics - evidence1. Wegener’s ’Continental drift’ meets Wilson’s ’Plate tectonics’ (ELI+)
2. Did the continents move for you? (ELI+)
Plate tectonics - partial melting 1. Partial melting - simple process, huge global impact (ELI+)  Extension
2. Partial melting model and real rock (ELI+)
Plate tectonics - moving plates
                       - mechanism
1. Plate riding (ELI+)
2. What drives the plates?
Plate tectonics - sea floor spreading1. Magnetic stripes (ELI+)
2. Transform faults (ELI+)  Video
Plate tectonics through the window1. Plate tectonics through the window (ELI+)  Video (Oxford Sparks)
2. Fieldwork: Questions for any rock face 11 - tectonic plates
Plutons on geological mapsOpengeoscience 1 (ELI+)
Polar wandering curvesDid the continents move for you? (ELI+)
Pollution - water sourcesFrom rain to spring: water from the ground  Extension  Video
Pore water pressureDanger - quicksands!
Porosity of rocks 1. Space within - the porosity of rocks  Extension
2. Does my rock hold water and will water flow through it?
3. Well, well, well!
Postcards 1. Geological postcards 1 - granite and chalk  ‘Global’ postcards
2. Geological postcards 2 - sandstone and limestone  ‘Global’ postcards
Potholes in riversBucket for a pothole: visualising past processes by calculation (ELI+)
Power sources - all typesWhich power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension
Power sources - geothermalRock power: geothermal power simulations (ELI+)
Power through the window ’thought experiment’Power through the window
Pratt isostasy hypothesisIsostasy 1 (ELI+)
Prediction of volcanic eruptionsTake a ’Chance’ on the volcano erupting (ELI+)  Extension
Prediction of volcanic eruptions/earthquakes/landslidesParty time for volcanoes (ELI+)  Extension
Prediction techniques - EarthquakesEarthquake prediction - when will the earthquake strike?
Pressure underground1. Under pressure (ELI+)
2. Water pressure - underground (ELI+)
Producers/consumersWho ate the ammonite?  Extension
P-waves1. Waves in the Earth 1 - the slinky simulation (ELI+)
2. Waves in the Earth 2 - Human molecules (ELI+)
3. Merry waves - all year round (ELI+)
Q
Quarry 1. Quarry through the window - what would you see, what would you not see?
2. Fieldwork: Questions for any rock face 12 - potential of the quarry or cutting
3. Fieldwork: Questions for any rock face 13 - quarry economics
Quartz crystals - formation’Crystallisation’ in a pudding dish
QuicksandsDanger - quicksands!
R
Radial dykes, volcanic intrusionVolcanoes and radial dykes (ELI+)
Radiation - water cycleCycling water and heat in the lab - and the globe (ELI+)
Radiometric datingWorking out the age of the Earth - moving backwards as time moved forwards
Recording geological dataFieldwork - Questions for any rock face 14: recording
Recycling - mobile phonesMineral expert 4 - Recycle your mobile phone
Relative datingWorking out the age of the Earth - moving backwards as time moved forwards
Remanent magnetism1. Frozen magnetism (ELI+)
2. Human magnets! (ELI+)
3. Magnetic stripes (ELI+)
4. Did the continents move for you? (ELI+)
Remote sensing 1. Electrical ground probing
2. Modelling remote sensing geophysics (ELI+)
Renewable power sources - geothermal?Rock power: geothermal power simulations (ELI+)
ResistivityElectrical ground probing
Ridge (sloping) and valleyGeological mapwork from models 4: sloping ridge and valley (ELI+)
Ripple marks1. Sand ripple marks in a washbowl  Extension  Video
2. Sand ripple marks in a tank  Extension  Video
3. Fieldwork: Interactive re-creation
Rivers - erosion, transportation and deposition1. Mighty river in a small gutter  Extension
2. Rolling, hopping, floating and invisibly moving along
3. Sand ripple marks in a washbowl  Extension  Video
4. Bucket for a pothole: visualising past processes by calculation (ELI+)
5. Investigating small-scale sedimentary processes AND modelling mighty rivers
RoadstonesRoadstone - which rock?
Rock classificationRock detective - rocky clues to the past
Rock collectingTake it or leave it? - the geoconservation debate
Rock cycle 1. Rock cycle through the window  Rock cycle song
2. Rock cycle in wax  Extension  Rock cycle song
3. Laying out the rock cycle: product and process  Rock cycle song
4. James Hutton - or ’Mr. Rock Cycle’? (ELI+)  Rock cycle song
5. ’Rockery 2’ - rock cycle game  Rock cycle song
6. Sand on a sill  Rock cycle song
Rock densityEureka! - detecting ore the Archimedes way
Rock/mineral/fossil/other1. Found in the ground (ELI Early years)
2. Sensory treasure hunt (ELI Early years)
Rock types 1. ’Rockery 1’ - rock game
2. ’Rockery 2’ - rock cycle game  Rock cycle song
3. Rock detective - rocky clues to the past
4. Make your own rock
5. Modelling for rocks: what’s hidden inside - and why?  Extension
6. Space within - the porosity of rocks  Extension
7. Testing rocks - 1 bouncing back
8. What was it like to be there - in the rocky world?  Extension
9. Rock Explorers (ELI Early years)
10. Rock builder (ELI Early years)
11. Rocky play-park; design your own
12. Rock, rattle and roll  Video  Video (Portuguese introduction)
S
Salinity - measurementWhy is the Dead Sea dead?
Salol - simulate crystallisation in igneous rocksWhy do igneous rocks have different crystal sizes? (ELI+)  Video (ESEU, Keele)
Sand grainSand on a sill
Sandstone landscapesGeological postcards 2 - sandstone and limestone  ‘Global’ postcards
Salt crystal formationSalt of the Earth  Extension
Salt - extractionWhy is the Dead Sea dead?
Scientists - Charles Darwin1. Darwin’s ’big coral atoll idea’  Video
2. Darwin’s ‘big soil idea’
Sea-floor spreading1. Magnetic stripes (ELI+)
2. Transform faults (ELI+)  Video
3. Continental split - the opening of the Atlantic Ocean  Video
Seasons1. Hot or not?
2. Earth on Earth
3. Seasons
Sediment transportation1. Mighty river in a small gutter  Extension
2. Rolling, hopping, floating and invisibly moving along
3. Investigating small-scale sedimentary processes AND modelling mighty rivers
Sedimentary rocks 1. ’Rockery 1’ - rock game
2. ’Rockery 2’ - rock cycle game
3. Rock builder (ELI Early years)
4. Fieldwork: Questions for any rock face 4: rock group (sedimentary or igneous)
5. Fieldwork: Questions for any rock face 5: sedimentary grains
Sedimentary rocks - building stones resources 1. Building stones 1
2. Building stones 3 - sedimentary rocks
3. Will my gravestone last?
4. Fieldwork: Questions for any rock face 4: rock group (sedimentary or igneous)
Sedimentary structures 1. Cross-bedding and ancient currents
2. Cross-bedding and ’way-up’
3. Graded bedding
4. Imbrication
5. Load casts
6. Mudcracks - cracking the clues
7. Sand ripple marks in a tank  Extension  Video
8. Sand ripple marks in a washbowl  Extension  Video
9. Sole marks
10. What was it like to be there? – clues in sediment which bring an environment to life
Sediments to sedimentary rocks - make your ownMake your own rock
Seismic body waves1. Waves in the Earth 1 - the slinky simulation (ELI+)
2. Waves in the Earth 2 - Human molecules (ELI+)
Seismic body waves (transmission of energy)Merry waves - all year round (ELI+)
Seismic evidence for core of EarthA core activity (ELI+)
Seismic waves through the mantleBouncing, bending, breaking (ELI+)
Sequencing geological events 1. Fieldwork - questions for any rock face 10: sequencing
2. What is the geological history?
3. Fieldwork: the ‘All powerful’ strategy
4. Laying down the principles
5. Where shall we drill for oil?
6. Environmental detective
Shale gas 1. Recipe for the perfect fracking fluid
2. Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension
Shells - adaptations to habitats
Shells - survival of the toughest
Sea shell survival
Shell shake - survival of the toughest
Sills on geological mapsOpengeoscience 1 (ELI+)
Sink holesSink hole!
Slab pull - plate movementWhat drives the plates?
Sliding or conservative plate marginPlate tectonics through the window (ELI+)  Video (Oxford Sparks)
Slopes1. Sandcastles and slopes
2. Landslide through the window - what would you see, what would you feel?  Extension
Video
3. Failing slopes
4. Danger - quicksands!
5. Dam burst danger
Smelting of iron oreSmelter on a stick (ELI+)
Smith, William - 1815 geological mapWilliam Smith - ’The Father of English Geology’ (ELI+)  Extension
Soils 1. Make your own soil
2. Soil layers puzzle
3. Soil doughnuts
4. Permeability of soils - ’The great soil race’  Extension
5. Darwin’s ’big soil idea’  Video
6. Questions for any rock face 3: soil
7. Why does soil get washed away?  Extension  Video
8. Is there life in this soil sample?
Soil water pHWatery world of underground chemistry (ELI+)
Solar radiation1. Hot or not?
2. Earth on Earth
Solar systemPlayground planets  Extension
Solar (power source)Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension
Sole marks1. Sedimentary structures - sole marks
2. What was it like to be there? – clues in sediment which bring an environment to life
SolifluctionEvidence from the deep freeze - under or near the ice sheets
Solstice1. Hot or not
2. Earth on Earth
3. Seasons: the effect of our tilted Earth
Space - survival in a sealed domeSpace survival: how could we survive a year in a dome?
Spin of the EarthScreaming roller coaster
Spring - water table reaches the surfaceFrom rain to spring: water from the ground  Extension  Video
Stratigraphic principles - sequencing geological eventsLaying down the principles
Stratigraphy - sequencing eventsWhat is the geological history?  Extension
Streak test for mineralsMineral expert - 2
Strength of rocksTesting rocks - 1 bouncing back
Stress, strain and faults1. Valley in 30 seconds!  Extension  Video
2. Banana benders  Video
Stress, strain and folds1. Himalayas in 30 seconds!  Extension  Video
2. Banana benders  Video
StrikeDIY Dip and strike model (ELI+)
Structure of the Earth1. From clay balls to the structure of the Earth (ELI+)  Extension

2. Isostasy 1 (ELI+)
Structures - geologicalBanana benders  Video
Subduction zonePlate tectonics through the window  Video (Oxford Sparks)
SubsidenceSink hole!
Sun - radiation and position1. Hot or not?
2. Earth on Earth
Sun - relative size and distances to the planetsPlayground planets  Extension
SupercontinentsContinental jigsaw puzzle (ELI+)
Survival in a sealed dome - considering the impact of Earth’s cyclesSpace survival: how could we survive a year in a dome?
S-waves1. Waves in the Earth 1 - the slinky simulation (ELI+)
2. Waves in the Earth 2 - Human molecules (ELI+)
3. Merry waves - all year round (ELI+)
Syncline - synform 1. Banana benders  Video
2. Swiss roll surgery
T
Tar sands (power source)Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension
Tides (power source)Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension
Till or boulder clayEvidence from the deep freeze - under or near the ice sheets
Time, geological 1. How many for a million?
2. How long does it take?
3. Filling the gap – picturing the unconformity ‘abyss of time’?
Timeline for age of the EarthWorking out the age of the Earth - moving backwards as time moved forwards
Trace fossilsTrace fossils - burrows or borings
Transform faultsTransform faults (ELI+)  Video
Transportation by water 1. Rolling, hopping, floating and invisibly moving along
2. Mighty river in a small gutter  Extension
3. Changing coastlines
4. Investigating small-scale sedimentary processes AND modelling mighty rivers
Transportation by windDust bowl  Extension
Trophic levelsWho ate the ammonite?  Extension
Tsunami1. Tsunami through the window - what would you see, what would you feel?    
Extension    Pupils’ work from Portugal    Booklet    Boxing Day, 2004
2. Tsunami - what controls the speed of the wave?  Extension  Video
3. Tsunami alert!
4. Krakatoa - tsunamis
Turbidity current - density currentHigh flow, low flow? - atmosphere and ocean in a tank  Extension  Video
Turbidity current - sedimentary structures1. Sedimentary structures - graded bedding
2. Sedimentary structures - sole marks
3. What was it like to be there? – clues in sediment which bring an environment to life
U
Unconformity 1. Opengeoscience 2: tilted and folded rocks (ELI+)
2. Filling the gap – picturing the unconformity ‘abyss of time’?
Underground water cycleWatery world of underground chemistry (ELI+)
Underground water - wellsWell, well, well!
Underground pressure1. Under pressure (ELI+)
2. Water pressure - underground (ELI+)
Uniformitarianism1. Fieldwork: Applying ’the present is the key to the past’
2. Environmental detective
Uranium (power source)Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension
V
Valley with horizontal floorGeological mapwork from models 3: valley with horizontal floor (ELI+)
Valley with simple geologyGeological mapwork from scratch 2: valley with simple geology (ELI+)
Valley with sloping ridgeGeological mapwork from models 4: sloping ridge and valley (ELI+)
Vein minerals‘Crystallisation’ in a pudding dish
Viscosity of magmaBubble-mania
Volcanic eruptionVolcano in the lab (ELI+)  Extension
Volcanic eruption - KrakatoaKrakatoa - tsunamis
Volcanic eruption - magma viscosityBubble-mania   Volcano Simulator (Alaska Museum of Science & Nature)
Volcanic eruption - pyroclastic flowHigh flow, low flow? - atmosphere and ocean in a tank  Extension  Video
Volcanic eruption - simulating dangerous swelling of a volcanoWhen will it blow? - predicting eruptions  Extension  Video
Volcanic eruption through the window ’thought experiment’Eruption through the window  Video  Volcano Simulator (Alaska Museum of Science & Nature)
Volcanic eruptions - partial melting 1. Partial melting - simple process, huge global impact (ELI+)  Extension
2. Partial melting model and real rock (ELI+)
Volcanic eruptions - prediction1. Party time for volcanoes (ELI+)  Extension
2. Take a ’Chance’ on the volcano erupting (ELI+)  Extension
Volcanic eruptions - simulationsBlow up your own volcano!  Extension  Video  Volcano Simulator (Alaska Museum of Science & Nature)
Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI)Krakatoa - tsunamis
Volcanic intrusion - radial dykesVolcanoes and radial dykes (ELI+)
Volcanic vents on geological mapsOpengeoscience 1 (ELI+)
Volcano collapseCollapsing volcanoes
Volcanoes, lava flows - simulationsSee how they run  Volcano Simulator (Alaska Museum of Science & Nature)
Volcanoes and earthquakes - plate tectonicsGeobattleships (ELI+)
W
Waning Moon1. Jaffa moon
2. Lollipop moon
3. Polystyrene moon
Water - comparison between rain water and bottled spring waterWater - a matter of taste or a taste of matter?  Extension
Water - changing state1. Water - changing state
2. Ice power (ELI+)
Water cycle1. Mini-world water cycle  Extension
2. Water cycle world  Extension
3. ’Tagging’ water molecules(ELI+)
4. Cycling water and heat in the lab - and the globe (ELI+)
5. Watery world Game (ELI Early years)
Water cycle undergroundWatery world of underground chemistry (ELI+)
Water - filtration, purification‘Water, water everywhere but not a drop to drink’
Water (power source)Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension
Water supply - wellsWell, well, well!
Water vapour - changing stateWater - changing state
Water vapour in the atmosphereEarth’s atmosphere - step by step evolution
Waves - erosion, transportation and depositionChanging coastlines
Waves - longitudinal (P) and transverse (S)1. Waves in the Earth 1 - the slinky simulation (ELI+)
2. Waves in the Earth 2 - Human molecules (ELI+)
Waves (power source)Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension
Waxing Moon1. Jaffa moon
2. Lollipop moon
3. Polystyrene moon
Way-up structures1. Sedimentary structures - cross-bedding and ancient currents
2. Sedimentary structures - cross-bedding and ‘way-up’
3. Sedimentary structures - graded bedding
4. Sedimentary structures - imbrication
5. Sedimentary structures - load casts
6. Sedimentary structures - sole marks
7. Sand ripple marks in a tank  Extension  Video
8. Sand ripple marks in a washbowl  Extension  Video
9. Cracking the clues - mudcracks
Wearing course of roadsRoadstone - which rock?
Weathering - chemical1. Weathering limestone - with my own breath! (ELI+)
2. Karstic scenery - in 60 seconds
Weathering / erosion - misconceptionsTeacher - ‘What’s the difference between weathering and erosion?’
Weathering - gravestonesWill my gravestone last?
Weathering - observing the evidenceWeathering - rocks breaking up and breaking down
Weathering - physical breakdown; heating and coolingCracking apart (ELI+)
Weathering - physical breakdown; freeze, thawIce Power (ELI+)
Weathering - questions for any rock faceQuestions for any rock face 1: weathering
Wegener, Alfred - continental drift - evidenceWegener’s ‘Continental drift’ meets Wilson’s ‘Plate tectonics’ (ELI+)
Well - working modelWell, well, well!
William Smith - 1815 geological mapWilliam Smith - ‘The Father of English Geology’ (ELI+)  Extension
Wilson, J. Tuzo - plate tectonics - evidenceWegener’s ‘Continental drift’ meets Wilson’s ‘Plate tectonics’ (ELI+)
Wind - erosion, transportation and depositionDust bowl  Extension
Wind (power source)Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama (ELI+)  Extension