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Suggested teaching strategies

Chemistry in ELIs
Earthquakes
Earth in Space
ELI Early years
ELIs for OCR A level specification, UK
Engineering geology
Environment
Evolution of Life
Fieldwork
Fossils
Geological mapwork
Geological Time
Glaciation
Great Scientists
Magnetism
Maths in ELIs
Minerals
Natural Hazards
Plate tectonics
Resources
Rocks
Rock Cycle (+ Sedimentary structures)
Soils
Structure of the Earth
Volcanoes
Watery activities

Chemistry in ELIs
•  Carbon goes round and round and round
•  Carbon cycle through the window
•  ‘Tag’ a carbon atom - and explore the carbon cycle
•  Earth’s atmosphere - step by step evolution
•  Watery world of underground chemistry
•  Space survival: how could we survive a year in a dome?
•  What am I made of?
•  A smelter on a stick (ELI+)
•  Salt of the Earth
•  Why is the Dead Sea dead?
•  The unfair ‘build your own crystal’ race
•  ‘Crystallisation’ in a pudding dish
•  Interactive hydrothermal mineralisation (ELI+)
•  Be a mineral expert 3 - the mineral foundations of everyday life
•  Weathering limestone - with my own breath! (ELI+)
•  Karstic scenery - in 60 seconds
•  Calcium carbonate misconceptions

Earthquakes
•  Earthquake prediction - when will the earthquake strike?
•  Earthquake through the window - what would you see, what would you feel?
•  Geobattleships (ELI+)
•  Quake shake - will my home collapse?
•  Shaken but not stirred?
•  Surviving an earthquake
•  Waves in the Earth 1: the slinky simulation (ELI+)
•  Waves in the Earth 2: human molecules (ELI+)
•  Merry waves - all year round

Earth in Space
•  ELI Earth in Space category

ELI Early years
•  Found in the ground: sorted!
•  Make your own rock
•  Fossil or not?
•  Dig up the dinosaur
•  Fossilise! - fossil game
•  Make your own soil
•  Changing state - transforming water
•  Watery world game
•  Gold prospectors
•  Pirates and buried treasure
•  Sensory treasure hunt
•  Rock Explorers
•  Rock builder

ELIs for OCR A level specification, UK
•  ELIs for OCR A level teaching (UK)

Engineering geology
•  Testing rocks 1 - bouncing back
•  Testing rocks 2 - ‘Splat’!
•  Fluids, friction and failure
•  Electrical ground probing (ELI+)
•  Dam burst danger
•  Under pressure (ELI+)
•  Roadstone - which rock?
•  Boring chocolate!

Environment
•  Environmental detective
•  Geological postcards 1 - granite and chalk
•  Geological postcards 2 - sandstone and limestone
•  Sandcastles and slopes
•  Evidence from the deep freeze - under or near the ice sheets
•  Danger - quicksands!
•  Take it or leave it? - the geoconservation debate
•  So, you want to conserve a geodiversity site

Evolution of Life
•  Fifty million years into the future
•  Sea shell survival
•  Sorting out the evolution of evolution headlines (ELI+))
•  Time-line in your own backyard
•  Toilet roll of time
•  How many Great Great Great Great Grandparents?
•  How many Beany Beetles? - the evolution game
•  Fossil record: Shell shake - survival of the toughest

Fieldwork
•  Earth science out-of-doors: preserving the evidence
•  Rocks from the big screen
•  Building stones 1 - general resource
•  Will my gravestone last?
•  Rock around school (investigating building materials)
•  Building stones 2 - Igneous rocks
•  Building stones 3 - Sedimentary rocks
•  Building stones 4 - Metamorphic rocks
•  What was it like to be there - in the rocky world?
•  Fieldwork: Applying ‘the present is the key to the past’
•  Fieldwork: the ‘All powerful’ strategy
•  Questions for any rock face - planning for fieldwork
•  Questions for any rock face 1: weathering
•  Questions for any rock face 2: erosion
•  Questions for any rock face 3: soil
•  Questions for any rock face 4: rock group (sedimentary or igneous)
•  Questions for any rock face 5: sedimentary grains
•  Questions for any rock face 6: fossils
•  Questions for any rock face 7: tilted or folded rocks
•  Questions for any rock face 8: faults
•  Questions for any rock face 9: metamorphic rock
•  Questions for any rock face 10: sequencing geological events
•  Questions for any rock face 11: tectonic plates
•  Questions for any rock face 12: potential of the quarry or cutting
•  Questions for any rock face 13: quarry economics
•  Questions for any rock face 14: recording geological data
•  Interactive re-creation
•  The view from the site
•  The ‘What makes a good educational experience’ approach to planning fieldwork
    (ELI for Educators)

Fossils
•  Fossil or not?
•  Fossilise! - fossil game (ELI Early years)
•  Running the fossilisation film backwards
•  What was it like to be there? - bringing a fossil to life
•  How could I become fossilised?
•  Curious creatures
•  Fifty million years into the future
•  Mary Anning: Mother of Palaeontology
•  Trace fossils - burrows or borings
•  Trail making
•  Who ate the ammonite?
•  Shell shake - survival of the toughest
•  Questions for any rock face 6: fossils
   Dinosaurs
•  Dig up the dinosaur
•  Dinosaur death - did it die or was it killed?
•  Dinosaur in the yard
•  How to weigh a dinosaur
•  Meeting of the dinosaurs - 100 million years ago

Geological Mapwork
•  Geological mapwork from scratch 1: a conical hill
•  2: valley with simple geology
•  3: valley with dipping geology
•  Geological mapwork from models 1: plain with simple geology
•  2: cuesta with simple geology
•  3: valley with horizontal floor
•  4: sloping ridge and valley
•  5: folded geology on block models
•  6: plain with faults in the direction of dip
•  7: plain with faults parallel to the outcrops of the beds
•  8: plain with different types of fault
•  DIY dip and strike model
•  Geological mapwork: using surface geology to make a geological map
•  Opengeoscience 1: igneous intrusions and lavas
•  Opengeoscience 2: tilted and folded rocks

Geological Time
•  ELI Geological Time category

Glaciation
•  Isostasy 2; ‘bouncing back’ after the ice (ELI+)
•  Grinding and gouging
•  Evidence from the deep freeze under or near the ice sheets
•  Ice-thickness from scratch: visualising past processes by calculation (ELI+)

Great Scientists
•  Darwin’s ‘big coral atoll idea’
•  Darwin’s ‘big soil idea’
•  James Hutton or ‘Mr. Rock Cycle’
•  Wegener’s ‘Continental drift’ meets Wilson’s ‘Plate tectonics’ (ELI+)
•  Mary Anning - Mother of Palaeontology
•  William Smith - ‘The Father of English Geology’

Magnetism
•  Magnetic Earth (ELI+)
•  Why won’t my compass work on the other side of the Equator?
•  Frozen magnetism (ELI+)
•  Magnetic stripes (ELI+)
•  Human magnets! (ELI+)
•  Did the continents move for you? (ELI+)

Maths in ELIs
•  Ice-thickness from scratch: visualising past processes by calculation (ELI+)
•  Bucket for a pothole: visualising past processes by calculation (ELI+)

Minerals
•  Be a mineral expert 1 - beginning identification
•  Be a mineral expert 2 - identification with tests
•  Be a mineral expert 3 (ELI+) - Mineral foundations of everyday life
•  Be a mineral expert 4 - Recycle your mobile phone
•  Identifying minerals - use your sense(s)!
•  Hydrothermal minerals - interactive
•  Jigging
•  Gold panning
•  Take it or leave it? - the geoconservation debate
•  Found in the ground: sorted!

Natural Hazards
•  ELI Natural Hazards category

Plate tectonics
Plate tectonics - whole concept:-
•  Partial melting (ELI+)
•  Plate riding (ELI+)
•  Plate tectonics through the window (ELI+)

Evidence and explanation for the theory:-
•  Continental jigsaw puzzle (ELI+)
•  Earth time jigsaw puzzle
•  Geobattleships (ELI+)
•  Wegener’s ‘Continental drift’ meets Wilson’s ‘Plate tectonics’ (ELI+)
•  Did the continents move for you? (ELI+)

Mechanism:-
•  Bouncing, bending, breaking
•  Mantle plume in a beaker (ELI+)
•  What drives the plates?

Constructive or divergent plate margins:-
•  Mantle plume in a beaker (ELI+)
•  Magnetic stripes (ELI+)
•  Model a spreading ocean offset by transform faults (ELI+)
•  Continental split - the opening of the Atlantic Ocean

Destructive or convergent plate margins:-
•  Continents in collision (ELI+)
•  Himalayas in 30 seconds
•  Margarine mountain-building
•  Banana benders
•  Swiss roll surgery
•  View from above: living tectonism
•  From folds to crustal shortening: visualising past processes by calculation (ELI+)

Resources
•  Make your own oil and gas reservoir
•  Trapped! Why can’t oil and gas escape from their underground prison?
•  Where shall we drill for oil?
•  Where does offshore oil come from?
•  Interactive hydrothermal mineralisation (ELI+)
•  Riches in the river
•  Gold prospectors
•  A smelter on a stick
•  Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama
•  Power through the window
•  Rock power: geothermal power simulations (ELI+)
•  Quarry through the window - what would you see, what would you not see?
•  Why is the Dead Sea dead?

Rocks
•  Rock detective - rocky clues to the past
•  Modelling for rocks - what’s hidden inside and why?
•  Space within - the porosity of rocks
•  Does my rock hold water and will water flow through it?
•  What was it like to be there - in the rocky world?
•  Found in the ground: sorted!
•  ‘Rockery 1’ - rock game
•  Rock Explorers (ELI Early years)
•  Design your own rocky play-park

Rock Cycle
Rock cycle - whole concept:-
•  Rock cycle through the window
•  Rock cycle in wax
•  Laying out the rock cycle: product and process
•  James Hutton or ‘Mr. Rock Cycle’
•  ‘Rockery 2’ - rock cycle game
•  Sand on a sill

Weathering:-
•  Weathering / erosion - misconceptions
•  Weathering - rocks breaking up and breaking down
•  Cracking apart
•  Weathering limestone - with my own breath! (ELI+)
•  Karstic scenery - in 60 seconds
•  Will my gravestone last?
•  Ice power (ELI+)
•  Fieldwork: Questions for any rock face - weathering

Erosion:-
•  Weathering / erosion - misconceptions
•  Rock, rattle and roll
•  Mighty river in a small gutter
•  Investigating small-scale sedimentary processes AND modelling mighty rivers
•  Changing coastlines
•  Dust bowl
•  Grinding and gouging
•  Why does soil get washed away?
•  Fieldwork: Questions for any rock face - erosion
•  Bucket for a pothole: visualising past processes by calculation (ELI+)

Transportation:-
•  Rolling, hopping, floating and invisibly moving along
•  Mighty river in a small gutter
•  Investigating small-scale sedimentary processes AND modelling mighty rivers
•  Dust bowl

Deposition:-
•  Mighty river in a small gutter
•  Investigating small-scale sedimentary processes AND modelling mighty rivers
•  Dust bowl

Sediments to sedimentary rock:-
•  Make your own rock

Sedimentary structures:-
•  Cross bedding and ancient currents
•  Graded bedding
•  Imbrication
•  Load casts
•  Mudcracks - cracking the clues
•  Sand ripple marks in a tank
•  Sand ripple marks in a washbowl
•  Sole marks
•  What was it like to be there? - clues in sediment which bring an environment to life
•  Cross-bedding and ‘way-up’

Metamorphism:-
•  Metamorphism - that’s Greek for ‘change of shape’ isn’t it?
•  Squeezed out of shape
•  Metamorphic aureole in a tin (ELI+)

Igneous processes:-
•  Blow up your own volcano
•  ‘Crystallisation’ in a pudding dish
•  See how they run
•  Unfair ‘build your own crystal’race
•  Volcano in the lab
•  Why do igneous rocks have different crystal sizes?

Uplift and fold mountains:-
•  Banana benders
•  Himalayas in 30 seconds
•  Margarine mountain-building
•  Swiss roll surgery
•  View from above: living tectonism
•  From folds to crustal shortening: visualising past processes by calculation (ELI+)

Soils
•  Make your own soil
•  Soil doughnuts
•  Soil layers puzzle
•  Permeability of soils - ‘The great soil race’
•  Why does soil get washed away?
•  Darwin’s ‘big soil idea’
•  Questions for any rock face 3: soil

Structure of the Earth
•  From clay balls to the structure of the Earth (ELI+)
•  Bouncing, bending, breaking
•  Magnetic Earth (ELI+)
•  From an orange to the whole Earth
•  A core activity
•  Journey to the centre of the Earth - on a toilet roll
•  Isostasy 1; modelling the state of ‘balance’ of the Earth’s outer layers (ELI+)

Volcanoes
•  Blow up your own volcano!
•  Bubble-mania
•  Party time for volcanoes!
•  Take a ‘Chance’ on the volcano erupting
•  The balloon goes up at Krakatoa
•  See how they run
•  Volcano in the lab
•  A “mantle plume” in a beaker (ELI+)
•  Hotspots (ELI+)
•  Volcanoes and dykes / jelly and cream - radial dykes
•  Collapsing volcanoes - cauldron subsidence

Watery activities
•  Changing state - transforming water
•  Mini-world water cycle
•  Water cycle world
•  ‘Tagging’ water molecules (ELI+)
•  Cycling water and heat in the lab - and the globe (ELI+)
•  Water - a matter of taste or a taste of matter?
•  Well, well, well!
•  From rain to spring:water from the ground
•  Space within - the porosity of rocks
•  Modelling for rocks: what’s hidden inside - and why?
•  Permeabiity of soils - ‘The great soil race’
•  Watery world of underground chemistry (ELI+)
•  ‘Water, water everywhere but not a drop to drink’
•  Watery world game (ELI Early years)