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Suggested teaching strategies

Chemistry in ELIs
Earthquakes
Earth in Space
ELI Early years
ELIs for OCR A level specification, UK
Engineering geology
Environment
Evolution of Life
Fieldwork
Fossils
Geological mapwork
Geological Time
Glaciation
Great Scientists
Magnetism
Minerals
Natural Hazards
Plate tectonics
Resources
Rocks
Rock Cycle (+ Sedimentary structures)
Soils
Structure of the Earth
Volcanoes
Watery activities

Chemistry in ELIs
•  Carbon goes round and round and round
•  Carbon cycle through the window
•  ‘Tag’ a carbon atom - and explore the carbon cycle
•  Earth’s atmosphere - step by step evolution
•  Watery world of underground chemistry
•  Space survival: how could we survive a year in a dome?
•  What am I made of?
•  A smelter on a stick (ELI+)
•  Salt of the Earth
•  Why is the Dead Sea dead?
•  The unfair ‘build your own crystal’ race
•  ‘Crystallisation’ in a pudding dish
•  Interactive hydrothermal mineralisation (ELI+)
•  Be a mineral expert 3 - the mineral foundations of everyday life
•  Weathering limestone - with my own breath! (ELI+)
•  Karstic scenery - in 60 seconds
•  Calcium carbonate misconceptions

Earthquakes
•  Earthquake prediction - when will the earthquake strike?
•  Earthquake through the window - what would you see, what would you feel?
•  Geobattleships (ELI+)
•  Quake shake - will my home collapse?
•  Shaken but not stirred?
•  Surviving an earthquake
•  Waves in the Earth 1: the slinky simulation (ELI+)
•  Waves in the Earth 2: human molecules (ELI+)
•  Merry waves - all year round

Earth in Space
•  ELI Earth in Space category

ELI Early years
•  Found in the ground: sorted!
•  Make your own rock
•  Fossil or not?
•  Dig up the dinosaur
•  Fossilise! - fossil game
•  Make your own soil
•  Changing state - transforming water
•  Watery world game
•  Gold prospectors
•  Pirates and buried treasure
•  Sensory treasure hunt
•  Rock Explorers
•  Rock builder

ELIs for OCR A level specification, UK
•  ELIs for OCR A level teaching (UK)

Engineering geology
•  Testing rocks 1 - bouncing back
•  Testing rocks 2 - ‘Splat’!
•  Fluids, friction and failure
•  Electrical ground probing (ELI+)
•  Dam burst danger
•  Under pressure (ELI+)
•  Roadstone - which rock?
•  Boring chocolate!

Environment
•  Environmental detective
•  Geological postcards 1 - granite and chalk
•  Geological postcards 2 - sandstone and limestone
•  Sandcastles and slopes
•  Evidence from the deep freeze - under or near the ice sheets
•  Danger - quicksands!
•  Take it or leave it? - the geoconservation debate
•  So, you want to conserve a geodiversity site

Evolution of Life
•  Fifty million years into the future
•  Sea shell survival
•  Sorting out the evolution of evolution headlines (ELI+))
•  Time-line in your own backyard
•  Toilet roll of time
•  How many Great Great Great Great Grandparents?
•  How many Beany Beetles? - the evolution game
•  Fossil record: Shell shake - survival of the toughest

Fieldwork
•  Earth science out-of-doors: preserving the evidence
•  Rocks from the big screen
•  Building stones 1 - general resource
•  Will my gravestone last?
•  Rock around school (investigating building materials)
•  Building stones 2 - Igneous rocks
•  Building stones 3 - Sedimentary rocks
•  Building stones 4 - Metamorphic rocks
•  What was it like to be there - in the rocky world?
•  Fieldwork: Applying ‘the present is the key to the past’
•  Fieldwork: the ‘All powerful’ strategy
•  Questions for any rock face - planning for fieldwork
•  Questions for any rock face 1: weathering
•  Questions for any rock face 2: erosion
•  Questions for any rock face 3: soil
•  Questions for any rock face 4: rock group (sedimentary or igneous)
•  Questions for any rock face 5: sedimentary grains
•  Questions for any rock face 6: fossils
•  Questions for any rock face 7: tilted or folded rocks
•  Questions for any rock face 8: faults
•  Questions for any rock face 9: metamorphic rock
•  Questions for any rock face 10: sequencing geological events
•  Questions for any rock face 11: tectonic plates
•  Questions for any rock face 12: potential of the quarry or cutting
•  Questions for any rock face 13: quarry economics
•  Questions for any rock face 14: recording geological data
•  Interactive re-creation
•  The view from the site
•  The ‘What makes a good educational experience’ approach to planning fieldwork
    (ELI for Educators)

Fossils
•  Fossil or not?
•  Fossilise! - fossil game (ELI Early years)
•  Running the fossilisation film backwards
•  What was it like to be there? - bringing a fossil to life
•  How could I become fossilised?
•  Curious creatures
•  Fifty million years into the future
•  Mary Anning: Mother of Palaeontology
•  Trace fossils - burrows or borings
•  Trail making
•  Who ate the ammonite?
•  Shell shake - survival of the toughest
•  Questions for any rock face 6: fossils
   Dinosaurs
•  Dig up the dinosaur
•  Dinosaur death - did it die or was it killed?
•  Dinosaur in the yard
•  How to weigh a dinosaur
•  Meeting of the dinosaurs - 100 million years ago

Geological Mapwork
•  Geological mapwork from scratch 1: a conical hill
•  2: valley with simple geology
•  3: valley with dipping geology
•  Geological mapwork from models 1: plain with simple geology
•  2: cuesta with simple geology
•  3: valley with horizontal floor
•  4: sloping ridge and valley
•  5: folded geology on block models
•  6: plain with faults in the direction of dip
•  7: plain with faults parallel to the outcrops of the beds
•  8: plain with different types of fault
•  DIY dip and strike model
•  Geological mapwork: using surface geology to make a geological map
•  Opengeoscience 1: igneous intrusions and lavas
•  Opengeoscience 2: tilted and folded rocks

Geological Time
•  ELI Geological Time category

Glaciation
•  Isostasy 2; ‘bouncing back’ after the ice (ELI+)
•  Grinding and gouging
•  Evidence from the deep freeze under or near the ice sheets
•  Ice-thickness from scratch: visualising past processes by calculation (ELI+)

Great Scientists
•  Darwin’s ‘big coral atoll idea’
•  Darwin’s ‘big soil idea’
•  James Hutton or ‘Mr. Rock Cycle’
•  Wegener’s ‘Continental drift’ meets Wilson’s ‘Plate tectonics’ (ELI+)
•  Mary Anning - Mother of Palaeontology
•  William Smith - ‘The Father of English Geology’

Magnetism
•  Magnetic Earth (ELI+)
•  Why won’t my compass work on the other side of the Equator?
•  Frozen magnetism (ELI+)
•  Magnetic stripes (ELI+)
•  Human magnets! (ELI+)
•  Did the continents move for you? (ELI+)

Minerals
•  Be a mineral expert 1 - beginning identification
•  Be a mineral expert 2 - identification with tests
•  Be a mineral expert 3 (ELI+) - Mineral foundations of everyday life
•  Be a mineral expert 4 - Recycle your mobile phone
•  Identifying minerals - use your sense(s)!
•  Hydrothermal minerals - interactive
•  Jigging
•  Gold panning
•  Take it or leave it? - the geoconservation debate
•  Found in the ground: sorted!

Natural Hazards
•  ELI Natural Hazards category

Plate tectonics
Plate tectonics - whole concept:-
•  Partial melting (ELI+)
•  Plate riding (ELI+)
•  Plate tectonics through the window (ELI+)

Evidence and explanation for the theory:-
•  Continental jigsaw puzzle (ELI+)
•  Earth time jigsaw puzzle
•  Geobattleships (ELI+)
•  Wegener’s ‘Continental drift’ meets Wilson’s ‘Plate tectonics’ (ELI+)
•  Did the continents move for you? (ELI+)

Mechanism:-
•  Bouncing, bending, breaking
•  Mantle plume in a beaker (ELI+)
•  What drives the plates?

Constructive or divergent plate margins:-
•  Mantle plume in a beaker (ELI+)
•  Magnetic stripes (ELI+)
•  Model a spreading ocean offset by transform faults (ELI+)
•  Continental split - the opening of the Atlantic Ocean

Destructive or convergent plate margins:-
•  Continents in collision (ELI+)
•  Himalayas in 30 seconds
•  Margarine mountain-building
•  Banana benders
•  Swiss roll surgery
•  View from above: living tectonism
•  From folds to crustal shortening: visualising past processes by calculation (ELI+)

Resources
•  Make your own oil and gas reservoir
•  Trapped! Why can’t oil and gas escape from their underground prison?
•  Where shall we drill for oil?
•  Where does offshore oil come from?
•  Interactive hydrothermal mineralisation (ELI+)
•  Riches in the river
•  Gold prospectors
•  A smelter on a stick
•  Which power source? - solving the crisis in Kiama
•  Power through the window
•  Rock power: geothermal power simulations (ELI+)
•  Quarry through the window - what would you see, what would you not see?
•  Why is the Dead Sea dead?

Rocks
•  Rock detective - rocky clues to the past
•  Modelling for rocks - what’s hidden inside and why?
•  Space within - the porosity of rocks
•  Does my rock hold water and will water flow through it?
•  What was it like to be there - in the rocky world?
•  Found in the ground: sorted!
•  ‘Rockery 1’ - rock game
•  Rock Explorers (ELI Early years)
•  Design your own rocky play-park

Rock Cycle
Rock cycle - whole concept:-
•  Rock cycle through the window
•  Rock cycle in wax
•  Laying out the rock cycle: product and process
•  James Hutton or ‘Mr. Rock Cycle’
•  ‘Rockery 2’ - rock cycle game
•  Sand on a sill

Weathering:-
•  Weathering / erosion - misconceptions
•  Weathering - rocks breaking up and breaking down
•  Cracking apart
•  Weathering limestone - with my own breath! (ELI+)
•  Karstic scenery - in 60 seconds
•  Will my gravestone last?
•  Ice power (ELI+)
•  Fieldwork: Questions for any rock face - weathering

Erosion:-
•  Weathering / erosion - misconceptions
•  Rock, rattle and roll
•  Mighty river in a small gutter
•  Changing coastlines
•  Dust bowl
•  Grinding and gouging
•  Why does soil get washed away?
•  Fieldwork: Questions for any rock face - erosion

Transportation:-
•  Rolling, hopping, floating and invisibly moving along
•  Mighty river in a small gutter
•  Dust bowl

Deposition:-
•  Mighty river in a small gutter
•  Dust bowl

Sediments to sedimentary rock:-
•  Make your own rock

Sedimentary structures:-
•  Cross bedding and ancient currents
•  Graded bedding
•  Imbrication
•  Load casts
•  Mudcracks - cracking the clues
•  Sand ripple marks in a tank
•  Sand ripple marks in a washbowl
•  Sole marks
•  What was it like to be there? - clues in sediment which bring an environment to life
•  Cross-bedding and ‘way-up’

Metamorphism:-
•  Metamorphism - that’s Greek for ‘change of shape’ isn’t it?
•  Squeezed out of shape
•  Metamorphic aureole in a tin (ELI+)

Igneous processes:-
•  Blow up your own volcano
•  ‘Crystallisation’ in a pudding dish
•  See how they run
•  Unfair ‘build your own crystal’race
•  Volcano in the lab
•  Why do igneous rocks have different crystal sizes?

Uplift and fold mountains:-
•  Banana benders
•  Himalayas in 30 seconds
•  Margarine mountain-building
•  Swiss roll surgery
•  View from above: living tectonism
•  From folds to crustal shortening: visualising past processes by calculation (ELI+)

Soils
•  Make your own soil
•  Soil doughnuts
•  Soil layers puzzle
•  Permeability of soils - ‘The great soil race’
•  Why does soil get washed away?
•  Darwin’s ‘big soil idea’
•  Questions for any rock face 3: soil

Structure of the Earth
•  From clay balls to the structure of the Earth (ELI+)
•  Bouncing, bending, breaking
•  Magnetic Earth (ELI+)
•  From an orange to the whole Earth
•  A core activity
•  Journey to the centre of the Earth - on a toilet roll
•  Isostasy 1; modelling the state of ‘balance’ of the Earth’s outer layers (ELI+)

Volcanoes
•  Blow up your own volcano!
•  Bubble-mania
•  Party time for volcanoes!
•  Take a ‘Chance’ on the volcano erupting
•  The balloon goes up at Krakatoa
•  See how they run
•  Volcano in the lab
•  A “mantle plume” in a beaker (ELI+)
•  Hotspots (ELI+)
•  Volcanoes and dykes / jelly and cream - radial dykes
•  Collapsing volcanoes - cauldron subsidence

Watery activities
•  Changing state - transforming water
•  Mini-world water cycle
•  Water cycle world
•  ‘Tagging’ water molecules (ELI+)
•  Cycling water and heat in the lab - and the globe (ELI+)
•  Water - a matter of taste or a taste of matter?
•  Well, well, well!
•  From rain to spring:water from the ground
•  Space within - the porosity of rocks
•  Modelling for rocks: what’s hidden inside - and why?
•  Permeabiity of soils - ‘The great soil race’
•  Watery world of underground chemistry (ELI+)
•  ‘Water, water everywhere but not a drop to drink’
•  Watery world game (ELI Early years)